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            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            DOCUMENTATION Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Business and Corporate Social Responsibility for Water Ecosystems September 26 – October 2 2004 Columbia River Wetlands, British Columbia, Canada 9th Living Lakes Conference

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            Imprint Global Nature Fund International Foundation for Environment and Nature Fritz-Reichle-Ring 4 78315 Radolfzell, Germany 5360彩票官网Phone : +49 (0)7732-9995-0 Fax : +49 (0)7732-9995-88 E-Mail : info@globalnature.org www.globalnature.org www.livinglakes.org Editor in charge Udo Gattenlöhner 5360彩票官网Phone : +49 (0)7732-9995-80 E-Mail : gattenloehner@globalnature.org Editorial team Bettina Jahn 5360彩票官网Phone : +49 (0)7732-9995-84 E-Mail : jahn@globalnature.org Sirit Coeppicus 5360彩票官网Phone : +49 (0)7732-9995-82 E-Mail : coeppicus@globalnature.org Anne Levésque E-Mail : anne_levesque@telus.net Design/Layout Didem Sentürk Print Druckerei Krammer Cover photo Marc Rene Lefebure, Mountain Eye Photography International Foundation for Environment and Nature

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            9th Living Lakes Conference Living Lakes Global Partner: Living Lakes Supporters: The 9th Living Lakes Conference was organised in cooperation with East Kootenay Environmental Society - EKES The District of Invermere Global Nature Fund Supported by Bundesamt für Naturschutz - BfN - (German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation) by funds of the Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Power Plant. The content of the documentation may not correspond to the opinion of the supporter (German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation).

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            4 Content Preface Marion Hammerl-Resch, President of Global Nature Fund, Germany Mark Shmigelsky, Mayor of Invermere, British Columbia, Canada Paul Bell, Chairman of EKES, Canada History of Living Lakes Conference Summary Introduction of the 9th Living Lakes Conference Marion Hammerl-Resch, Global Nature Fund, Germany Keynote Speech Prof Dr Hartmut Vogtmann, German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Germany Panel 1 The Global Water Crisis and its Impact on Recreational Communities Bob Sandford, United Nations International Year of Fresh Water & Wonder of Water Initiative, Canada Violet Qumsieh, Friends of the Earth Middle East, Bethlehem, Palestine Panel 2 Sustainable Use of Land and Water in the Design of Recreational Communities Tim Pringle, the Real Estate Foundation, British Columbia, Canada Dr Gábor Molnár, Lake Balaton Development Coordination Agency, Hungary Dr Raquel Gutiérrez Nájera, University of Guadalajara, Lake Chapala, Mexico Guest Speakers Recreational Communities Take Action Towards Sustainability Hugh O’Reilly, Mayor of Whistler, British Columbia, Canada Dr Tillmann Stottele, Department of Environment of Friedrichshafen, Lake Constance, Germany Group 1 Streamside Protection Models Andy Witt, Ministry of Water, Air and Land Protection, British Columbia, Canada Group 2 Maintaining Wilderness Values in a World of Increasing Tourism Darcy Monchak, Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Golden, British Columbia, Canada Dr Diana Scott, Greater St Lucia Wetland Park Authority, Lake St Lucia, South Africa Group 3 Evaluating Recreational Activities in Lakes and Wetlands Louise Reynolds, Broads Authority, Norwich, United Kingdom Ellen Zimmerman, East Kootenay Environmental Society, British Columbia, Canada Group 4 The Urbanization of Rural Recreational Communities Greg Deck, Mayor of Village of Radium Hot Springs, Radium Hot Springs, British Columbia, Canada Daniela Paas, Lake Constance Foundation, Germany Round Table Discussion How to Empower Communities to Become Partners and Stakeholders in Water Treaties?

            Kindy K. Gosal and Garry Merkel, Water Initiatives for the Columbia Basin Trust (CBT), Canada Wendy McMahon, Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, British Columbia, Canada 13 15 18 20 21 26 33 37 38 42 47 52

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            9th Living Lakes Conference Corporate Social Responsibility and Waterways Jeffrey W. Allgrove, Unilever, Canada Water Governance in the Columbia Basin Kathryn Teneese, Ktunaxa-Kinbasket Treaty Council, British Columbia, Canada Jim Mattison, Drought Task Force, Land and Water B. C. Inc. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada Jennifer E. Moore, Water Policy and Coordination Directorate, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada Panel 1 Taking Responsibility for our Corporate Actions around Water Ecosystems Edward Hill, BC Hydro, Canada Elana Rosenfeld, Kicking Horse Coffee, British Columbia, Canada Dr Priscilla Boucher, Community Leadership Strategy, British Columbia, Canada Panel 2 Corporate Social Responsibility - Role Models Lutz Laemmerhold, Deutsche Lufthansa, Germany Companies and Water: Accountability through Shareholder Action and other Models of Corporate Social Responsibility Robert Walker, The Ethical Funds 5360彩票官网, British Columbia, Canada Approaches to Sustainable Water Use by Companies Anne Weir, Unilever, United Kingdom Lennie Santos-Borja, Laguna Lake Development Authority, Laguna de Bay, Philippines Recognition and Inclusion of Indigenous Values in Use of the Land and Water Ray Warden, Ktunaxa Kinbasket Tribal Council, Canada Dr Nina Dagbaeva, GRAN, Lake Baikal, Russia Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility Dr Andrew Venter, Wildlands Conservation Trust, South Africa Columbia Wetlands to Become a Ramsar Site Keynote Speaker of the Closing Ceremonies Peter Robinson, Mountain 5360彩票官网 Coop, British Columbia, Canada Presentation of the „Best Conservation Practice Award“ Outlook Addresses and Contacts 55 56 63 70 72 74 78 81 81 83 86 88 91

            Land and Water Use in Recreational Development - Global

            6 Prefaces Marion Hammerl-Resch Dear Conference Participants, Partners and Friends of Living Lakes, dear Reader! Members of the continually extending Living Lakes network - currently counting 25 lakes represented by more than 35 organizations from all over the world - convened for its 9th conference in British Columbia. Special focus was on the Columbia Wetlands in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. The event was hosted and organized by the Global Nature Fund in cooperation with the East Kootenay Environmental Society/ Wildsight and the District of Invermere. Over 40 events, field trips, presentations, panels and discussion groups were offered by a staff of more than 45 people, including volunteers.

            This year’s conference facilitated a dialogue on Land and Water Use in Recreational Development as well as Business and Corporate Social Responsibility for Water Ecosystems. Attention was drawn to the severe threats to sensitive areas in the Columbia Wetlands, occurring in comparable areas around the world. The conference program was shaped by more than 90 speakers and trip leaders, who shared their experiences, successes and challenges in the field of sustainable recreation and business practices. The conference delegates had the opportunity to experience the ecological as well as cultural values of the area and learn about conservation initiatives, undertaken by local organizations to protect the Columbia River system.

            Lake regions are essential aesthetic and recreational treasures that attract millions of people worldwide. The popularity of recreational lakeside communities has increased substantially over the time and, concomitantly, the challenges to sustain water quality. Issues such as the diversion of water, wastewater from resorts and recreational developments, impairment of natural shorelines and dramatic increases in motorized watercraft, all negatively effect the lake ecosystems and disturb wildlife. It is mandatory to take action to protect fragile lake and wetland ecosystems. As lakeside communities develop into tourism and recreational destinations, it is essential to plan recreational land-use and water-use development that protects the ecological integrity of wetland and lake ecosystems.

            This fundamental insight represents the very core of sustainable development.

            During the conference, discussions centered around ideas to promote water care by businesses; aquatic ecosystem protection was highlighted as well as community participation in the upcoming case of the Columbia River Treaty Transboundary. Special focus was put on the situation of Canada’s First Nations and their need to connect traditional values with community integration and political decisionmaking. In sum, all events pointed to issues of the greatest global concern: protecting a vital resource - water - while balancing the needs of people and wildlife. Also, the subject of accountability for environmentally responsible economic activity by business, communities and government was underlined.

            I would cordially like to invite you to the next Living Lakes Conference that will be held at Laguna de Bay, Philippines, in May 2005. Marion Hammerl-Resch President of Global Nature Fund Marion Hammerl-Resch, President of GNF

            9th Living Lakes Conference Marion Hammerl-Resch Sehr geehrte Konferenzteilnehmer, Living Lakes Partner und Freunde, liebe Leserin, lieber Leser! Die Mitglieder des kontinuierlich wachsenden Living Lakes-Netzwerks, derzeit 25 Seen repräsentiert durch insgesamt mehr als 35 Organisationen weltweit, kamen zur 9. Living Lakes-Konferenz in British Columbia zusammen.

            Spezielle Beachtung kam hierbei den Columbia Feuchtgebieten in den Rocky Mountains zu. Veranstalter und Organisator der Konferenz war der Global Nature Fund (GNF) in Zusammenarbeit mit der East Kootenay Environmental Society (EKES)/Wildsight und dem Distrikt von Invermere. Auf dem Programm standen über 40 verschiedene Veranstaltungen, Exkursionen, Präsentationen, Diskussionsforen, die von mehr als 45 Mitarbeitern und Ehrenamtlichen zusammengestellt wurden.

            Die diesjährige Konferenz ermöglichte den fruchtbaren Dialog über nachhaltige Landund Wassernutzung im Tourismus sowie die gesellschaftliche und soziale Verantwortung von Unternehmen für Wasserressourcen. Besonderes Augenmerk galt den Gefahren, denen empfindliche Ökosysteme in den Columbia Feuchtgebieten wie auch in anderen Regionen weltweit ausgesetzt sind. Das Programm wurde von mehr als 90 Sprechern und fachkundigen Führern gestaltet, die ihre Erfahrungen, Erfolge und Herausforderungen bei den Methoden der Erholungsund Unternehmensbranche einbrachten. Die Konferenzteilnehmer hatten die Gelegenheit, die ökologischen und kulturellen Werte der Region sowie lokale Initiativen kennen zu lernen, die sich für den Schutz des Columbia Flusssystems einsetzen.

            Seen sind durch ihre Ästhetik und ihren Erholungswert kostbare Regionen, die Millionen von Menschen weltweit anziehen. Die Popularität von Erholungsund Ferienorten haben zugenommen und mit ihnen die Herausforderung, eine gute Wasserqualität zu erhalten. Negative Folgen auf das Ökosystem und die Tierund Pflanzenwelt haben beispielsweise die Abflüsse aus den Ferienanlagen, die dramatisch gestiegene Anzahl von Motorbooten sowie die Beeinträchtigung der Uferbereiche. Es ist deshalb notwendig, einen Entwicklungsplan für die Nutzung von Land und Wasser in sensiblen Seeökosystemen einzusetzen. Diese fundamentale Einsicht ist das Kernelement von nachhaltiger Entwicklung.

            Während der Konferenz konzentrierten sich die Diskussionen auch auf den Schutz von Wasser in Unternehmensbereichen. Im grenzüberschreitenden Columbia-Flussabkommen standen sowohl der Schutz von Gewässersystemen als auch die Mitwirkung der breiten Gesellschaft im Vordergrund. Ein besonderer Akzent wurde auf die Lage der First Nations in Kanada gelegt und auf die Bedeutung der Verknüpfung traditioneller Werte mit der gesellschaftlichen Integration und politischen Entscheidungsfindung. Insgesamt kristallisierten sich auf der Tagung Themen von größtem globalen Interesse heraus: Den Schutz der lebenswichtigen Ressource Wasser mit den Bedürfnissen des Menschen und der Natur in Einklang zu bringen.

            Hierbei spielt die ökologische Verantwortlichkeit von Unternehmen, Gemeinden und Regierungen eine wichtige Rolle.

            Ich möchte die Gelegenheit nutzen und Sie ganz herzlich zu unserer 10. internationalen Living Lakes Konferenz einladen, die im Mai 2005 auf den Philippinen stattfinden wird. Marion Hammerl-Resch Präsidentin des Global Nature Fund Marion Hammerl-Resch has been President of the GNF since 2002 and Director of the Lake Constance Foundation since 1997. Additionally she is co-founder of the ECOCAMPING Association (environmental management for camping sites) and member of the Board of Directors. She is co-founder and actual president of the Spanish Foundation Fundación Global Nature in Madrid, co-founder of ECOTRANS-España.

            This organization is a Spanish member of the European network ECOTRANS, which connects organizations and experts in 12 European countries dealing with tourism and sustainability.

            8 Mark Shmigelsky Dear Colleagues and Friends, dear Reader, I would like to acknowledge that the conference took place in the traditional territory of our First Nations. I would also like to recognize the member of our federal parliament and our provincial member of the legislature both will be attending the conference throughout the week. Further, I would like to draw your attention to our visiting members of government from Canada and around the world, as well as, my local government colleagues from, across British Columbia. To all of you, our international delegates, who have come so far and to those of you from across this great country5360彩票官网 of Canada, welcome to the Columbia Valley and the 9th Annual Living Lakes Conference! Last year, I had the honor of attending the 8th Living Lakes Conference in Norwich, England, hosted by the Broads Authority.

            I would like take this opportunity to congratulate them once again for an excellent conference and compliment the city of Norwich on being just an incredible place to visit. It’s not everyday that a small community of 3,000 people send their mayor half way around the world to attend an environmental conference, unless they were trying to get rid of me? I can tell you that I had an incredibly eye-opening experience. I learned many things from Living Lakes Conference. I learned about the incredible commitment, that you people have to your Living Lake and how you try so hard to educate government, how you try so hard to educate industry, how you try so hard to educate people about the importance of the environment and the role it plays in their daily lives.

            I learned about real corporate leadership and the commitment of companies like Unilever, DaimlerChrysler, Lufthansa, T-Mobile, Karcher and many others. I even remember the T-mobile delegate telling us to unplug our cell phone chargers at 5360彩票官网, when they are done, so that we don’t waste electricity. That’s common sense right, but how many of us do it? I didn’t know that it wasted electricity. We have our own local examples, at this conference of companies like Canfor, Tembec and Kicking Horse Coffee, each of them trying to show leadership by doing things better. I learned that politicians should show leadership and not just speak about the environment at conferences like this but everywhere they speak, because it is essential, to our quality of life to ensure that the environment and the economy are both sustainable.

            However, most importantly for me, I learned that as a father of a three year old boy, who is now four years old, I had the greatest responsibility to provide a healthy environment for him! It is my responsibility to ensure that we have an economy and an environment that will be sustainable now and into the future. That I leave him, a quality of life worth leaving behind, for his generation and for those to come after. As you debate this year’s theme of business and corporate responsibility and recreational development. I hope that you are able to learn from each other’s successes and setbacks and that, at the end of this conference, you will be even more determined to save your Living Lake!

            Ladies and Gentlemen, our council and our community are extremely proud to be involved with the Global Nature Fund and the East Kootenay Environmental Society/Wildsight in this Living Lakes Conference and on behalf of my community and our council, I thank you and welcome you to our 5360彩票官网. Thank you and have a great conference! Mark Shmigelsky Mayor of Invermere, BC, Canada Mark Shmigelsky, Mayor of Invermere, British Columbia, Canada

            9th Living Lakes Conference Mark Shmigelsky Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, liebe Leserinnen und Leser! Ich möchte Sie zunächst darauf aufmerksam machen, dass die Konferenz auf traditionellem Gebiet der First Nations stattfindet.

            Ich möchte besonders die Vertreter der Bundesund Landesregierungen, die der Konferenz beiwohnen die Regierungsmitglieder aus Kanada und der ganzen Welt sowie meine Kollegen aus British Columbia begrüßen. Letztes Jahr wurde mir die Ehre zuteil, an der 8. Living Lakes Konferenz im englischen Norwich teilzunehmen. Ich habe seitdem viel über das unglaubliche Engagement des Living Lakes-Netzwerkes erfahren und über Ihre großen Bemühungen, Regierung, Industrie und Öffentlichkeit über die Bedeutung der Umwelt und ihrer Rolle im täglichen Leben aufzuklären. Auch habe ich viel über Unternehmensführung gelernt und das Engagement, das Unternehmen wie Unilever, DaimlerChrysler, T-Mobile, Kärcher und viele mehr, zeigen.

            Wir haben auch hier Beispiele von Vertretern lokaler Organisationen und Unternehmen wie Canfor, Tembec und Kicking Horse Coffee, die verantwortungsbewusst handeln. Politiker sollten nicht nur über die Umwelt reden, sondern auch Verantwortung zeigen, um die Nachhaltigkeit der Umwelt zu sichern.

            Ladies and Gentlemen, der Stadtrat und die Gemeinde sind sehr stolz darauf, zusammen mit dem Global Nature Fund und der East Kootenay Environmental Society/Wildsight Gastgeber dieser Living LakesKonferenz zu sein. Vielen Dank und gutes Gelingen! Mark Shmigelsky Bürgermeister von Invermere, British Columbia, Canada Mark Shmigelsky was first elected to Council in 1993, at the age of 23 and then re-elected in 1996 for his second term, as a Councilor. He was elected Mayor of Invermere on November 16, 2000. Mark Shmigelsky has served on all the committees of council and has been Invermere’s representative at the Regional District of East Kootenay since 1997.

            Mark Shmigelsky is the Director for the Kootenay East Regional Hospital District. He strongly believes in a Community that balances growth with the need to improve the quality of life. He is also a strong advocate of an open Local Government and an informed active public.

            10 Paul Bell Dear Conference Participants, dear Friends, As guests of Chief Sophie Pierre and the Ktunaxa Nation, it is a sobering and possibly hopeful thought that these people and their ancestors have been custodians of the Columbia Valley and its associated wetlands for the last 10,000 years. They worshipped and respected the whole environment and little had changed up until 150 years ago. I am sure it is with these custodial concerns that they have kindly invited us. But why are we here? Why do we, and so many thousands of others give time, effort and energy to causes such as ours? Is it for our ego, interest, something to do; I doubt it? There are far easier ways to satisfy all of these needs.

            It is, I suspect, something deeper. It is feeling, as well as logically knowing, that what we are trying to protect and conserve is worth every last effort and care. Six years ago my family and I hiked across the Rocky Mountains and canoed through the Columbia Wetlands from Invermere to Golden. The silence, beauty and wildlife worked their magic spell. We were in hallowed territory, not a playground of any description and with that, our spirits soared like the eagles around us. We were also acutely aware that the opportunities to experience a communion with natural beauty were rapidly dwindling in much of the world.

            We knew. Within two years we had been lucky to emigrate here and I can almost hear you think: „And now he’s a conservationist trying to keep everybody else out“. This is certainly not the case. In fact, I firmly believe that as many people as possible should experience these wonders, their humanity deserves it. However, we also want our children to be able to experience the same uplifting environments. In the words of Vatican II „The future of humanity lies in the hands of those able to pass on to future generations reasons for living and hoping“. That is why I believe in conservation and why we are gathered here attempting to preserve these remaining sanctuaries.

            To this end consider the frog. A sensitive amphibian (at 5360彩票官网 in lakes and wetlands), but with apparently doomed reactions. If you place a frog in cool water and then slowly heat the water, even though the frog can jump out and would if you threw it in hot water, it does not move. In fact, you can eventually boil and kill the frog. Now apart from a few areas in Europe, environmentalists do not normally boil frogs but the experiment teaches us much when considering human behavior. Humans are sensitized to drastic changes such as attack, flood or fire and by and large we are good at dealing with them.

            However, evolution has not prepared us well to deal with slow, gradual change. Our senses are not alarmed when things slowly deteriorate and bells only start ringing when things are too late. Very few people want to damage the environment, and almost everybody agrees they wish to protect and conserve it. However, innocence, overriding short-term requirements to survive and prosper and the pressures created by persuasive corporations can all slowly lead to irreversible destruction. The frog boils, the lakes and wetlands become unrecognizable and humanity is much the poorer. So what can we do, how best can we direct our energies? Well, our major effort should be to deal with the causes of environmental decline not the symptoms.

            Yes, curing or improving a symptom can be spectacularly rewarding. For example here in the Columbia Wetlands we may be able to limit the size of engines used to fly across the water, but we will have to continually police this and will eventually find ourselves fighting another fashionable symptom. Our most effective strategy is to convince others that this is a beautiful sanctuary that none of us have the right or need to damage and then educate all about what does the damage. Yes, laws and rules help prevent symptoms but understanding and consensus removes the pressures that create the symptoms.

            People do not resist change, they resist being changed. So our quest should be to force as few changes and restrictions as possible upon others and help them see for themselves, their families, their communities and their corporations the real benefits of changing their behavior. The tools of research, education and partnerships will help us model and communicate convincing attractive arguments. Ultimately once enough people are convinced, that it is the shares we all hold in this planet, that should take precedence over monetary shares. We may begin to hope for the future.

            As to the conference theme of sustainable development - well, at the moment I am not sure if this is possible, and that is exactly the kind of open mind I think it is best to approach the conference with. If we Paul Bell, Chairman of EKES, Canada

            9th Living Lakes Conference are closed and certain now, we have little hope of opening other closed and certain minds. Let us use the knowledge, experience and care of all those present to raise the level of the dialogue, to create visions that can actually achieve something rather than just say it, to blend cool sense with hot emotion and allow the spirits of our grandchildren to be sustained by the Living Lakes of this beautiful planet.

            Paul Bell, Chairman of EKES, Canada Paul Bell Liebe Konferenzteilnehmer, liebe Freunde! Als Gäste von Chief Sophie Pierre und der Ktunaxa Nation ist es für uns ein ernüchternder, aber möglicherweise auch hoffnungsvoller Gedanke, dass diese Menschen in den letzten 10.000 Jahren Hüter des Columbia Tals und der zugehörigen Feuchtgebiete waren. Sie verehrten und respektierten ihre Umwelt, und bis vor 150 Jahren hatte sich nur sehr wenig verändert. Sicher haben sie uns aufgrund ihrer Verbundenheit mit dieser Landschaft gegenüber eingeladen.

            Der Beweggrund unseres Zusammentreffens ist also das gemeinsamme Erleben von Momenten der Ruhe, Schönheit und ungestörter Natur. Wir möchten, dass auch unsere Kinder solche Momente genießen können oder mit den Worten des Vatikans: „Die menschliche Zukunft liegt in den Händen derjenigen, die der zukünftigen Generation Gründe für Hoffnung und Leben geben“. Wir Menschen reagieren auf drastische Veränderungen wie Angriffe, Überflutungen oder Feuer, jedoch nicht auf langsam stattfindende Prozesse, auf die wir erst aufmerksam werden, wenn es schon zu spät ist. Viele Menschen wollen die Umwelt erhalten und schützen, was die Frage aufwirft: Was können wir tun? Wir sollten die Gründe für Veränderungen der Umwelt, nicht die Symptome betrachten.

            Menschen verweigern sich nicht den Veränderungen, sie weigern sich verändert zu werden. Es sollte daher unsere Aufgabe sein, ihnen das Werkzeug in die Hand zu geben, damit sie sich selbst verändern können. Lassen Sie uns das Wissen, die Erfahrung und die gemainsamme Sorge nutzen, um den Dialog zu eröffnen, Visionen zu entwerfen und um etwas zu erreichen, anstatt nur zu reden. Lassen Sie uns kühlen Verstand mit heißer Emotion vermischen, damit unsere Nachfahren sich auch weiterhin an den „Lebendigen Seen“ unseres Planeten erfreuen werden.

            Paul Bell, Vorsitzender von EKES, Kanada Paul Bell grew up in London, England, where he played on the banks of the River Thames; which he notes is a far cleaner river than it was 40 odd years ago. He officially gained an honors degree in geography and anthropology and a post graduate certificate in education. Six years were then spent traveling the world visiting the cultures and the locations he had studied, teaching and climbing beautiful mountains. He then spent 7 years teaching young adults how to adventure within and care for the mountain, cave and river environments. He evolved into a freelance writer, consultant and facilitator in the world of corporate training and development, and 12 years ago created his own company.

            As the chairperson of EKES/Wildsight he can lead to some constructive changes in the local environmental movement. Paul Bell has B.A. Geography and Anthropology, Post Graduate Certificate in Education, is a certified Ocean Master, mountain leader, kayak instructor and cave leader.

            12 Living Lakes Members & Associates Columbia River Wetlands; Canada Mono Lake; USA Lake Chapala; Mexico Laguna Fuquene; Colombia Lake Titicaca; Bolivia and Peru The Pantanal; Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay Mar Chiquita; Argentina The British Norfolk and Suffolk Broads; Great Britain La Nava Wetland; Spain Lake Constance; Germany, Switzerland and Austria Lake Balaton; Hungary Lakes Võrtsjärv and Peipsi; Estonia and Russia Milicz Ponds; Poland Nestos Lakes; Greece Lake Victoria; Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda St. Lucia Wetland; South Africa Lake Paliastomi; Georgia (Candidate) Lake Uluabat; Turkey The Dead Sea; Israel, Palestine and Jordan Lake Tengiz; Kazakhstan Lake Baikal; Russia Lake Poyang; China5360彩票官网 Lake Biwa; Japan Laguna de Bay; Philippines Mahakam Lakes; Indonesia Living Lakes Member & Candidate Lakes Lake Vostok; Antarctica Living Lakes Honorary Member 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Lago Enriquillo and Lac Azuéi; Dominican Republic and Haiti Mindelsee; Germany Salobrar de Campos; Spain Kolindsund Wetlands; Denmark Labanoras Park; Lithuania Lake Sapanca; Turkey Lake Uvs; Mongolia Pulicat Lake; India Lake Maduganga and Madampe Lake; Sri Lanka Bolgoda Lake; Sri Lanka Living Lakes Associate Members 10 10 11 14 13 12 17 18 19 16 15 20 21 22 23 24 25 10 1 4 1

            9th Living Lakes Conference History of Living Lakes Communication and cooperate action are two main features of the Living Lakes Network. It has placed itself in the middle of an alarming appeal discussed worldwide, to sustainably conserve the vital resource water. Concentrating on lakes, wetlands and water bodies worldwide, the strengths of this globally oriented alliance are apparent: the interlinking and mutual support of interested parties who comply with the Living Lakes concept. Living Lakes is coordinated by the Global Nature Fund (GNF), an international, nongovernmental, non-profit organization.

            The initial effort undertaken by four project partners from Lake Constance (Germany, Austria, Switzerland), Mono Lake (USA), Lake St Lucia (South Africa) and Lake Biwa (Japan) in 1998 has already shown verifiable success. The number of full Members, Associated Memberships and Honorary Members, who are situated on five continents, visibly increased.

            In the past years, the Living Lakes Network has shown that the conservation of water encompasses social, economic and environmental interests with the intent to . Permanently protect natural resources and lake watersheds; . Provide environmentally friendly economic activities and structures; . Support cooperation among citizens, nongovernmental organizations, government authorities, and businesses. Living Lakes partners actively participate in a diverse program of mutual support such as: . Exchanging environmentally friendly technology for use in the lake areas; . Sharing information and experience in raising awareness of the need for lake protection; .

            Helping to secure financial and other support for lake programs; . International political support for lake protection. Main features and advantages of the Living Lakes Network are the provision of infrastructure with respect to communication and cooperation. Thus, GNF and its partners have followed a complementary approach, which is essential for an adequate and continuous dialogue between the different parties. Additionally, the involvement of local community members, experts and like-minded organizations provides a reliable base to understand local conditions and needs. Guidelines and continuously updated information material ensure a common ground for cooperation.

            Unilever, the Living Lakes global partner, pursues the mission „to add vitality to life“ which can be transferred to its effort on the environmental sector as well. As longterm partner, Unilever has supported the Living Lakes Network from the beginning. The Living Lakes Project would not have the range of opportunities and would not be able to be active on a global scale without the support of DaimlerChrysler and the German Airline Lufthansa. Living Lakes is also supported by the telecommunication company TMobile, Kärcher, EthikBank, GLS Gemeinschaftsbank, Ziemann and middle-size companies like Kopf AG, a pioneer in the field of solar energy devices.

            In order to reach not only our partners but also the public, we enjoy working with the magazine natur & kosmos and the publishing house Gruner+Jahr (National Geographic and Geo Magazine).

            Die Geschichte von Living Lakes Kommunikation und Kooperation sind zwei wesentliche Bestandteile des Living Lakes-Netzwerkes, bei dem es in erster Linie um den Schutz der lebensnotwenigen Ressource Wasser geht. Das Netzwerk wird vom Global Nature Fund (GNF), einer internationalen NichtRegierungsorganisation koordiniert. Die Initiative startete 1998 mit vier Seenpartnern, Bodensee (Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz), Mono See (Amerika), St. Lucia See (Südafrika) sowie Biwa See (Japan). Das Netzwerk hat bis heute zahlreiche Erfolge vorzuweisen. Die Zahl der Mitglieder, Assoziierten Mitgliedschaften und eines Ehrenmitgliedes, die sich auf insgesamt fünf Kontinenten befinden, hat sich sichtbar vergrößert.

            Erfahrungen aus den vergangenen Jahren haben gezeigt, dass der Schutz von Wasser soziale, wirtschaftliche und ökologische Überlegungen erfordert. Die Ziele sind: . Der dauerhafte Schutz von natürlichen Ressourcen; . Umweltfreundliche, wirtschaftliche Aktivitäten und Strukturen; . Unterstützung von Kooperationen zwischen der Bevölkerung, Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen, Regierungen und Wirtschaftspartnern. Ein wichtiger Aspekt des Living Lakes-Netzwerkes ist die aktive Zusammenarbeit der Partner und deren gegenseitige Unterstützung, z.B. in Hinblick auf: 9th Living Lakes Conference History of Living Lakes

            14 . Einsatz von umweltfreundlichen Technologien in Seengebieten; . Austausch von Informationen und Erfahrungen zur Steigerung des Umweltbewusstseins; . Praktische und finanzielle Unterstützung für Seenprojekte; . Internationale, politische Unterstützung für den Schutz von Seen. Das Netzwerk wird vom weltweit agierenden Unternehmen Unilever unterstützt, dessen Mission „Dem Leben Vitalität schenken“ auch auf den Umweltsektor übertragen werden kann. Unilever fördert das Living LakesNetzwerk bereits seit Beginn an. Das Living LakesProjekt hätte ohne diese wertvolle Unterstützung nicht die gegebenen Möglichkeiten.

            Weitere Sponsoren sind neben DaimlerChrysler und der Deutschen Lufthansa auch T-Mobile, Kärcher, EthikBank, GLSGemeinschaftsbank, Ziemann und mittelständische Unternehmen wie die Kopf AG, ein Pionier im Bereich von Solartechnologien. Damit das Projekt einem größeren Publikum zugänglich ist, arbeiten wir mit dem Magazin natur & kosmos und dem Verlag Gruner + Jahr (National Geographic und Geo) zusammen. 9th Living Lakes Conference History of Living Lakes Impressions from the 9th Living Lakes Conference in the Columbia River Wetlands in Canada.

            9th Living Lakes Conference Conference Summary Anne Levésque Living Lakes Conference 2004 Manager The 9th Living Lakes Conference hosted by the Global Nature Fund, the District of Invermere and the East Kootenay Environmental Society, included presentations from over 90 speakers who shared their experiences, successes and challenges in the field of sustainable recreation and business practices. Field trips presented the opportunity to learn and experience the ecological/cultural values and the conservation initiatives of the Columbia Wetlands. Delegates were welcomed by the Ktunaxa-Kinbasket Nation.

            The Ktunaxa people have lived in the Columbia Valley for thousands of years and have shared this land with people from all Nations for the past 150 years. The Columbia Wetlands are of critical importance to the Ktunaxa who have a sacred covenant with the Creator to be stewards of the land. The story of their history is deeply rooted in the continuing intimate relationship of people and the land.

            Other welcoming events included presentations from the District of Invermere, the Village of Radium Hot Springs, the Town of Golden, and the Canadian Forest Products Ltd (Canfor). With the help of the Canadian Wildlife Service, the Wings Over the Rockies and the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, the Nature Conservancy of Canada, the Nature Trust of British Columbia, and the Kicking Horse Grizzly Bear Refuge, conference participants enjoyed a voyageur canoe trip, and wetlands walks into the Columbia Wetlands. One of the longest intact wetlands in North America, this 26,000 ha (65,500 acre) area is the headwaters of the Columbia River system, and the fourth largest body of water in North America by volume.

            These wetlands, used by over 250 species of birds during migration and for breeding, are 5360彩票官网 to the second largest concentration of Great Blue Herons in western Canada. 15,000 waterfowl in the autumn and more than 1000 Tundra Swans in the spring have been counted in single day bird counts. Because of the rich habitat, over 50 species of mammals live in the region. The field trips ended with two presentations. The Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection of British Columbia provided information about the ecology, cultural values and challenges involved with balancing human use in the provincial Wildlife Management Area (WMA) of the Columbia Wetlands.

            The WMA covers 15,000 hectares of wetlands, extending a distance of 180 kilometers is part of a protected system that includes three National Parks, two Wildlife Management Areas, two Ecological Reserves and 11 Provincial Parks. The Canadian Intermountain Joint Venture presented their collaborative work for the birds of British Columbia and Alberta. The Joint Venture vision is a landscape that supports healthy populations of birds, maintains biodiversity and fosters sustainable resource use for communities within the region. This kind of stewardship is a keystone of the newly proclaimed Species at Risk Act, and was recently endorsed by the North American Bird Conservation Initiative.

            Bird species in British Columbia and Alberta are getting a helping hand from a diverse group of people. Landowners, conservation organizations, governments, First Nations, universities and industry groups from forestry, mining, hydro and the cattle ranching sectors are working together for the birds through the Canadian Intermountain Joint Venture. Aimed at bird species in the south and central interior of BC and the Rocky Mountains of Alberta, the Joint Venture is taking a landscape approach to its efforts - addressing the stresses on the habitats that support birds and other wildlife. Their vision What a successful conference! What a rare opportunity to show Canada’s beautiful wilderness to delegates from around the world and, at the same time, engage them in the issues that threaten the Columbia River Wetlands.

            I think all participants went away feeling very strongly about this Canadian treasure and the need to protect it.“ Catherine McVitty, Unilever Canada Foundation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 9th Living Lakes Conference Conference Summary

            16 Speakers outlined strategies required for incorporating sustainability measures in business practices, the importance of partnerships and the need for business to take a leadership role in sustainability issues and ethical sourcing. Over about 230 people from 27 countries participated in field trips, presentations, panels and discussion groups offered during this six day event. The Living Lakes Conference 2004 was possible through the kind support of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz) and due to the generous contribution of 19 Canadian sponsors.

            Unilever Canada, the Columbia Basin Trust, the Vancouver Foundation, the Province of British Columbia, the Real Estate Foundation, BCHydro, the Western Economic Diversification Canada, Environment Canada, the District of Invermere, Tembec, Kicking Horse Coffee, Van City, Canfor, the Canadian Intermountain Joint Venture, the Nature Conservancy of Canada, Ducks Unlimited Canada, the Nature Trust of British Columbia, the Village of Radium, and Kicking Horse Mountain Resort have made the event a reality in the Upper Columbia Valley.

            Zusammenfassung der 9. Living Lakes Konferenz Die 9. Living Lakes-Konferenz wurde vom Global Nature Fund, der East Kootenay Environmental Society und dem Distrikt Invermere veranstaltet. Über 90 Vortragende teilten ihre Erfahrungen, Erfolge und Herausforderungen im Hinblick auf nachhaltige Freizeitaktivitäten und wirtschaftliche Praxis. Exkursionen boten zusätzlich die Möglichkeit, etwas über die ökologischen und kulturellen Besonderheiten sowie die Umweltschutzinitiativen der Columbia Feuchtgebiete zu erfahren.

            is of a landscape that supports healthy populations of birds, maintains biodiversity and fosters sustainable resource use for communities within the region.

            This kind of stewardship is a keystone of the newly proclaimed Species at Risk Act, and was recently endorsed by the North American Bird Conservation Initiative. The conference offered delegates the ability to participate in a dialogue on sustainable land and water use in recreational and tourism developments, and in business and corporate practices. Discussion groups offered an opportunity for conference delegates to explore the fine details of sustainable recreation and business practices. The various presentations highlighted the chances and synergy created when nature conservation and economic development are linked.

            Others focused on the urgent need for landscape based planning that incorporates natural and settlement assets in local and regional planning policies.

            Water is fundamental to social, economic and ecological welfare. Effective governance of water, planning that incorporates First Nations rights, protection of water ecosystems and international cooperation was introduced as a key element to sustainability. 9th Living Lakes Conference Conference Summary Dancer of the Ktunaxa Nation Theatre Dance Group. „The Living Lakes Conference was one of the most valuable experiences that we have had the opportunity to participate in. The Ktunaxa Nation was very proud to welcome people from the four directions to our corner of the province . “ Chief Sophie Pierre, St Mary’s Indian Band, Ktnuaxa-Kinbasket Nation, British Columbia.

            9th Living Lakes Conference Die Delegierten wurden von der Ktunaxa Kinbasket Nation willkommen geheißen. Das Ktunaxa Volk lebt seit über tausend Jahren im Columbia Tal und teilt seit 150 Jahren sein Land mit Menschen aus vielen Nationen. Die Columbia Feuchtgebiete sind für die Ktunaxas von besonderer Bedeutung, da sie sich als dem Schöpfer verpflichtete Hüter des Landes verstehen. Ihre Geschichte ist durch die vertraute Beziehung zwischen den Menschen und dem Land tief verwurzelt. Außerdem gab es Präsentationen von Vertretern des Distrikts von Invermere, dem Ort Radium Hot Springs, der Stadt Golden und dem Unternehmen Canadian Forest Products (Canfor).

            Dank der freundlichen Unterstützung des kanadischen Wildlife Service, der Wings over the Rockies und des Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, der kanadischen Naturschutzorganisation Nature Conservancy, des Nature Trust of British Columbia und des Kicking Horse Grizzly Bär Schutzgebiets, konnten die Konferenzteilnehmer an einer Kanufahrt sowie an Wanderungen durch die Columbia Feuchtgebiete teilnehmen. Das 26.000 Hektar große Gebiet am Oberlauf des Columbiaflusses, ist eines der längsten, intakten Feuchtgebiete Nordamerikas. Die Feuchtgebiete beheimaten über 250 Vogelarten sowie die zweitgrößte Kanarareiherpopulation in Westkanada.

            Rund 15.000 Watvögel und mehr als 1.000 Tundra-Schwäne konnten im Herbst bzw. Frühjahr gezählt werden. Außerdem leben über 50 Säugetierarten in der Region. Das Ministerium für den Schutz von Wasser, Land und Luft von British Columbia informierte über Ökologie, kulturelle Werte und Herausforderungen, die mit einer ausgewogenen Nutzung des Wildlife Management Gebiets (WMA, Wildlife Management Area) in den Columbia Feuchtgebieten verbunden sind. Das WMA umfasst 15.000 Hektar und erstreckt sich über 180 Kilometer. Im Schutzgebiet liegen drei National Parks, zwei Wildlife Management Gebiete, zwei ökologische Reservate und 11 Provinzparks.

            Das kanadische Intermountain Joint Venture präsentierte seine Vogelschutzaktivitäten in British Columbia und Alberta. Die Vision des Joint Venture ist eine Landschaft, die gesunde Vogelpopulationen und eine hohe Artenvielfalt besitzt sowie eine nachhaltige Nutzung von Ressourcen für die Gemeinden der Region unterstützt. Diese Verantwortung ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil des angekündigten Gesetzes für bedrohte Arten (Species at Risk Act) und wurde erst kürzlich von der Nordamerikanischen Vogelschutzinitiative bestätigt. Die Konferenz bot den Teilnehmern die Gelegenheit, sich über nachhaltige Nutzung von Land und Wasser im Bereich des Tourismus, von Erholungsaktivitäten sowie über unternehmerisches Handeln auszutauschen.

            Die verschiedenen Präsentationen unterstrichen die Möglichkeit und die Synergie, die durch die Verknüpfung von Umweltschutz und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung erreicht werden kann. Naturund Umweltaspekte müssen in Siedlungsund Landschaftsplanung einbezogen werden.

            Wasser ist unverzichtbar für das soziale, wirtschaftliche und ökologische Gemeinwohl. Effektive Wasserpolitik, die das Recht der First Nations, den Schutz des Wassers und internationale Kooperationen berücksichtigt, wurde als ein Schlüsselelement von Nachhaltigkeit proklamiert. Die Sprecher erläuterten Strategien, die für die Durchführung von Nachhaltigkeitsmaßnahmen in Unternehmen erforderlich sind, die Notwendigkeit von Partnerschaften und unternehmerischer Führung in Bezug auf Nachhaltigkeit und Moral. Insgesamt nahmen mehr als 230 Personen aus über 27 Ländern an den Exkursionen, Präsentationen und Diskussionsrunden teil.

            Die Living Lakes-Konferenz 2004 war nur möglich durch die großzügige Unterstützung durch das Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN) sowie 19 kanadische Sponsoren: Unilever Canada, Columbia Basin Trust, Vancouver Foundation, die Provinz von British Columbia, Real Estate Foundation, BCHydro, Western Economic Diversification Canada, Environment Canada, der Distrikt von Invermere, Tembec, Kicking Horse Coffee, Van City, Canfor, Canadian Intermountain Joint Venture, Nature Conservancy Canada, Ducks Unlimited Canada, Nature Trust von British Columbia, die Stadt Radium und Kicking Horse Mountain Resort.

            9th Living Lakes Conference Conference Summary

            18 Introduction of the 9th Living Lakes Conference Marion Hammerl-Resch President of Global Nature Fund (GNF), Germany Sustainable Land and Water use Sustainable land and water use - that is the topic of this 9th International Living Lakes Conference in the Columbia River Wetlands. The Global Nature Fund team lives and works at Lake Constance. With up to 500 inhabitants per square kilometer, it is one of Europe’s most densely populated regions. Land-use is one of the biggest environmental problems in Europe. Every ten years the developed area expands by 2%. In its strategy for sustainability, the German Government aims at reducing the land use expansion from 100 to only 30 hectares a day until 5360彩票官网.

            Many other countries in the European Union (EU) put this issue on their agenda as well. This is a necessary and appropriate strategy to handle the resource land in densely populated areas, but what about less densely populated regions like the Columbia River Wetlands in British Columbia? In these regions, space seems to be widely available. Europeans can only dream of nearly intact nature. Apart from a few districts, only some small natural „islands“ are to be found in Western Europe, mostly national parks, wedged between populated and intensively used agricultural areas. Connecting or even expanding the existing nature reserves around Lake Constance? Local land users would find that prospect impossible to implement.

            The dense population is certainly a reason for Europeans to spend their holidays and leisure time in a more natural environment, inhabited by fewer people, like the Columbia Wetlands. Regions with intact, wild areas, should aim for a careful planning of land resources and keep the „ecological footprint“ of recreational activities as small as possible. For tourists who book and pay for untouched nature, urban sprawl is a thorn in their side (German Travel Survey, 2002). They appreciate a compact community or city with short distances that provides all services with untouched wilderness close by.

            The East Kootenay Region is 5360彩票官网 to several rare and threatened species, such as mountain caribou and grizzly bear. There are less than 1,800 mountain caribous remaining in the world (down from 2,300 in 2003). They are more rare than Africa’s black rhinoceros and the most endangered large mammal in North America. Sustainable land use and protection of species and their habitat are very much interlinked. In order to ensure that mountain caribou do not go extinct and that grizzly bear populations remain healthy, the province of British Colombia has the opportunity to take effective actions, which currently are not taking place.

            During our excursions, we saw the variety of recreation opportunities in the region. It is important to make sure that activities do not negatively impact the values that make this region so unique. Restriction of heli-skiing and heli-hiking in critical caribou habitat, motorized boating restrictions in key areas such as the Columbia wetlands, zoning of motorized and non-motorized use to protect wildlife and wilderness values are all part of government’s responsibility to the region’s social, economic and environmental sustainability.

            It is sad, but in Europe we can offer a wide range of negative examples regarding land use and development in general. Have you visited the Spanish Mediterranean coast or the island of Majorca or the Canary islands? My recommendation to the Government of British Colombia is to carefully study the tourism development of the Spanish Islands - from the ecological aspect but also from the economic point of view - before making decisions about the expansion of commercial recreation, such as the proposed Jumbo Alpine Resort of 7,000 beds in critical grizzly bear habitat. The Spanish example, and a lot of other examples in Europe and all over the world, can prove that more tourism beds do not always lead to more economic benefit.

            It is just the other way around: with the first signs of expansion of tourism, the destination will loose the „quality clients“... these experienced tourists who are looking for unique places, culture and nature and are willing to pay a good price for it. Unfortunately, tourists and tourism providers cannot be considered allies in the quest for responsible use of water. The tourism sector consumes, apart from the 9th Living Lakes Conference Introduction of the 9th Living Lakes Conference Regions with intact wild areas, should aim for a careful planning of land resources and keep the “ecological footprint” of recreational activities as small as possible.

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